History of the cooperative housing in Prague
Cooperative housing has a long tradition in both Prague and the Czech Republic. The first references have appeared already in the 19th century. During the First Republic era, the associations had not only a professional character, but also a social and cultural impact. Their development was interrupted by the Second World War. They were restored after the Second World War and participated in the reconstruction of destroyed housing stocks. The 1950s brought a big blossoming, when a large number of apartments were built with a financial assistance of the state and through housing cooperatives and their members. In 1980s and 1990s, cooperative apartments formed a 40 % stake for newly built prefabricated houses. After 1989, the existence of associations was almost ceased. Their revival happened due to a privatization and a transfer of apartments into a private ownership. In the territory of the Czech Republic, there are currently hundreds of housing associations. That makes us one of the European countries with the largest cooperative apartment share.